You might not think often about how your air conditioner works, but it requires refrigerant to keep your house fresh. This refrigerant is subject to environmental rules, since it contains chemicals.

Based on when your air conditioner was installed, it may use R-22, R-410A or R-32 refrigerant. We’ll discuss the differences and which air conditioner refrigerants are being phased out in Jefferson City, as well as how these phaseouts impact you.

What’s R-22 and Why Is It No Longer Being Made?

If your air conditioner was put in before 2010, it possibly has Freon®. You can discover if your air conditioner uses it by calling us at 573-635-3547. You can also examine the name plate on your air conditioner condenser, which is located outside your home. This sticker will include info on what kind of refrigerant your AC uses.

Freon, which is also known as R-22, has chlorine. Scientists consider Freon to be damaging to the earth’s ozone layer and one that results in global warming. The Environmental Protection Agency, which manages refrigerants in the United States, outlawed its production and import in January 2020.

I Have a R-22 Air Conditioner. Should I Replace It?

It varies. If your air conditioning is operating as designed, you can continue to keep it. With yearly air conditioner maintenance, you can expect your AC to run around 15–20 years. However, the Department of Energy says that removing a 10-year-old air conditioner could save you 20–40% on annual cooling bills!

If you don’t install a new air conditioner, it might create an issue if you have to have air conditioning repair in the future, specifically for refrigerant. Repairs can be more expensive, since only small quantities of recycled and reclaimed R-22 is on hand.

With the phaseout of R-22, most new air conditioners now rely on Puron®. Also called R-410A, this refrigerant was developed to keep the ozone layer healthy. Because it needs a varying pressure level, it doesn’t match air conditioners that need R-22 for cooling.

However, Puron still has the possibility to create global warming. As a consequence, it might also eventually be phased out. Although it hasn’t been communicated yet for residential air conditioners, it’s likely sometime this decade.

What Refrigerant Will Take the Place of R-410A?

In preparation of the discontinuation, some manufacturers have begun using R-32 in new air conditioners. This refrigerant ranks low for global warming likelihood—about one-third less than R-410A. And it also lowers energy consumption by around 10%, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. That’s savings that may be passed on to you through your cooling bills.

Stieferman Heating Company Inc Can Assist with All Your Air Conditioning Needs

In short, the modifications to air conditioner refrigerant probably won’t concern you very much until you have to have repairs. But as we discussed beforehand, refrigerant repairs might be more costly since there are the reduced amounts on hand.

Not to mention, your air conditioner frequently malfunctions at the worst time, typically on the hottest day when we’re getting lots of other appointments for AC repair.

If your air conditioner relies on a discontinued refrigerant or is aging, we recommend installing a modern, energy-efficient air conditioner. This ensures a trouble-free summer and can even reduce your electrical expenses, especially if you get an ENERGY STAR®-rated system. Plus, Stieferman Heating Company Inc provides many financing options to make your new air conditioner even more affordable. Contact us at 573-635-3547 to start today with a free estimate.